Vaccinium corymbosum, “arándano” in Spanish and “Heidelbeere” in German, is a species native to the North
Hemisphere and its botanical classification includes a wide variety of species that belong to the genus Vaccinium,
a member of the Ericaceae family.

 
     
 

CHARACTERISTICS

Blueberries fruits grow in bunches. They are white at first, then reddish-purple, and finally blue on ripening.

COMMERCIAL VARIETY

From the 30 species that belong to the genus Vaccinium, the Southern Highbush is the hybrid variety that best adapts to the regional weather and soil conditions. This fruit needs to be exposed only a few hours to low temperatures to complete the flower bud maturity process. It has an excellent size and post-harvest life, so it can be sold in counter-season markets.
It has a superficial and fibrous root system with simple and alternate leaves that during the fall season turn into different reds before falling away. Its stem is brown or yellowish and it grows from the plant base or collar called crown. Flowers are simple and grow in bunches that vary from 5 to 10 units.
Berries are blue, round or oval, and 8-20 mm wide. Its skin is covered by a waxy surface called boom. It is very fragile, but gives a natural protection once the fruit was harvested. Consequently, it requires extreme care from the harvest to the market shelf. This is a significant attribute for consumers, since it reflects freshness and harmlessness.